The Marine Compatibility Guide

    Phylum: Echinodermata

    Kingdom: Animalia
     

    Echinoderms are a phylum of marine animals. The adults are recognizable by their (usually five-point) radial symmetry, and include such well-known animals as starfish, sea urchins, sand dollars, and sea cucumbers. Echinoderms are found at every ocean depth, from the intertidal zone to the abyssal zone.

    The phylum contains about 7000 living species, making it the second-largest grouping of deuterostomes (a superphylum), after the chordates (which include the vertebrates, such as birds, fish, mammals, and reptiles). Echinoderms are also the largest phylum that has no freshwater or terrestrial (land-based) representatives.

    Classes within the phylum Echinodermata

    Asteroidea
    Echinoidea
    Holothuroidea
    Ophiuroidea
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